Ph?�??ng phA?p ma��i cA? tha�? phA?t hia��n ung th?� ta�� tra��ng n?�a��c

Cha�?p PET/CT lA� ma��t cA?ch cA? tha�? giA?p phA?t hia��n sa��m ung th?� tuy nhiA?n chi phA� cA?n cao vA� A�A?i khi cA�ng cA? tha�? cA? d?�??ng tA�nh gia??.

Chia sa?� trA?n ca��ng A�a��ng ma??ng va�? cA?sh phA?t hia��n sa��m ba��nh ung th?�.
Chia sa?� trA?n ca��ng A�a��ng ma??ng va�? cA?sh phA?t hia��n sa��m ba��nh ung th?�.

A?m a??nh ung th?�, A�ua nhau tA�m cha�?p PET/CT

Ga?�n A�A?y trA?n ma??ng xA? ha��i chia sa?� cA?ch phA?t hia��n ung th?� ta�� ra??t sa��m, ma�?i ng?�a�?i truya�?n tay nhau vA� tA�m cA?ch ca�� ga??ng A�i cha�?p PET ma��t la?�n A�a�? phA?t hia��n A�?�a�?c ba��nh ung th?� cA�ng sa��m cA�ng ta��t.

Theo tha��ng kA?, n?�a��c ta ma��i nA?m cA? khoa??ng 150.000 tr?�a�?ng ha�?p ma��i ma??c vA� khoa??ng 75.000 tr?�a�?ng ha�?p ta�� vong. TrA?n tha��c ta??, ha?�u ha??t ba��nh nhA?n A�a�?u A�?�a�?c phA?t hia��n khi A�A? b?�a��c vA�o giai A�oa??n mua��n nA?n hia��u qua?? A�ia�?u tra�� khA?ng cao. Ma��t pha?�n lA� do cA?c ka�? thua?�t cha?�n A�oA?n thA?ng th?�a�?ng (CT, MRI, X-quang, siA?u A?m..) khA?ng tha�? phA?t hia��n sa��m cA?c ta?? bA�o ung th?� hoa?�c cA?c ta��n th?�??ng (giai A�oa??n phA?n ta��, ta?? bA�o…).
Theo chia sa?� ca��a nhia�?u ng?�a�?i, A�a?�c bia��t lA� cA?c Fanpage dA�nh cho ba��nh nhA?n ung th?� va�? ph?�??ng phA?p phA?t hia��n ung th?� ta�� giai A�oa??n phA?n ta��, ta?? bA�o A�A? lA� cha�?p PET/CT Ra??t nhia�?u ng?�a�?i A�A? ha�?i a�Y HA� Na��i vA� cA?c thA�nh pha�� khA?c thA� A�a�? cha�?p PET/CT ha�? cA? tha�? cha�?p a�Y A�A?u.
Anh Tra?�n VA?n Tua??n – HA�o Nam, HA� Na��i cho bia??t sau khi va�? anh ga��i chia sa?� nA�y anh tha??y ra??t ba�� A�ch vA� va�? cha��ng anh A�A? lA?n la��ch chua?�n ba�� A�i cha�?p PET/CT. Anh tA�m hia�?u a�Y HA� Na��i cA? tha�? cha�?p ta??i ba��nh via��n Trung ?�??ng quA?n A�a��i 108 hoa?�c ba��nh via��n Ba??ch Mai. VA� mua��n phA?t hia��n ung th?� ta�� tra��ng n?�a��c nA?n anh Tua??n khA?ng nga?�n nga??i chi tia�?n A�a�? sA�ng la�?c ba��nh.

CA?ng suy nghA� va��i anh Tua??n ra??t nhia�?u ng?�a�?i A�A? ta?�y chay A�?�a�?ng vA� hi va�?ng cA? tha�? tA�m A�?�a�?c cA?ch nA�o A�A? A�i cha�?p PET/CT A�a�? phA?t hia��n ba��nh cA�ng sa��m cA�ng ta��t.

Khi nA�o nA?n cha�?p PET/CT?

Tuy nhiA?n, bA?c sA� Pha??m XuA?n DA�ng a�� PhA? giA?m A�a��c Ba��nh via��n Ung b?�a��u TP.HCM cho bia??t, via��c cha�?p PET/CT cA? nhia�?u ?�u via��t nh?�ng khA? lA� chi phA� cao. Hia��n nay chi phA� ta�� 20 tria��u A�a��ng tra�Y lA?n cho ma��t la?�n cha�?p.

Ba��nh nhA?n cho ra?�ng A?n A�?�a�?ng hay sa�� da�?ng A�?�a�?ng A�a�? cha�?p PET/CT lA� khA?ng A�A?ng.

NgoA�i ra, cha�?p PET/CT cA?n ha??n cha?? cA? tha�? da?�n A�a??n cha?�n A�oA?n d?�??ng tA�nh gia?? vA� cha�� vA?ng viA?m nhia��m nA? cA�ng cA? bia�?u hia��n cA?c mA�u A�a�? trong phim cha�?p. Nh?�ng A�A?y cA�ng cA? tha�? sA�ng la�?c A?c tA�nh hay lA�nh tA�nh.

Ph?�??ng phA?p cha�?p PET/CT lA� bA?c sA� sa?? cho ba��nh nhA?n tiA?m tA�nh ma??ch ma��t lia�?u thua��c cA? phA?ng xa?? positron, lA� ma��t cha??t da?�n xua??t glucose vA� cA?c ta?? bA�o ung th?� sa?? ha??p tha�? vA� chuya�?n hA?a nhia�?u glucose h??n cA?c ta?? bA�o khA?c.

Sau khi A�?�a�?c tiA?m thua��c cA? phA?ng xa??, c?? tha�? sa?? phA?ng ra cA?c tua gamma vA� mA?y PET/CT sa?? tA�nh toA?n ta�� cA?c tua gamma nA�y A�a�? thu nha?�p hA�nh a??nh ta�� cA?c ta?? bA�o khA?c nhau ca��a c?? tha�?. Nha�? A�A?, nha�?ng ba??t th?�a�?ng va�? chuya�?n hA?a ta??i cA?c ta?? bA�o sa?? A�?�a�?c ghi nha?�n, ngay tr?�a��c khi cA? sa�� thay A�a��i va�? ca??u trA?c.

Trong khi A�A?, cA?c ph?�??ng phA?p cha?�n A�oA?n hA�nh a??nh khA?c nh?� cha�?p ca??t la��p vi tA�nh (CT), ca��ng h?�a�Yng ta�� (MRI), siA?u A?m… cha�� phA?t hia��n vA� A�A?nh giA? A�?�a�?c cA?c ta��n th?�??ng khi A�A? cA? nha�?ng thay A�a��i va�? ca??u trA?c gia??i pha?�u a�Y ma��c A�a�� A�a�� la��n vA� “ba�? qua” cA?c ta��n th?�??ng cA? A�?�a�?ng kA�nh d?�a��i 1cm.
Ung th?� lA� cA?n ba��nh ra??t nguy hia�?m va��i ta�� la�� gA?y ta�� vong ra??t cao nh?�ng theo cA?c chuyA?n gia thA� ung th?� khA?ng pha??i lA� cA?n ba��nh vA? ph?�??ng ca��u cha�?a, 1/3 ba��nh ung th?� lA� cA? tha�? phA?ng nga��a, 1/3 cA? tha�? cha�?a kha�?i khi A�?�a�?c cha?�n A�oA?n sa��m, via��c chA?m sA?c ba�� tra�? sa?? lA�m tA?ng cha??t l?�a�?ng sa��ng cho 1/3 ba��nh nhA?n ung th?� cA?n la??i.
Theo GS Mai Tra�?ng Khoa a�� Ba��nh via��n Ba??ch Mai, cA?c ka�? thua?�t cha?�n A�oA?n hA�nh a??nh thA?ng th?�a�?ng (CT, MRI, X-quang, siA?u A?m..) khA?ng tha�? phA?t hia��n sa��m cA?c ta?? bA�o ung th?� hoa?�c cA?c ta��n th?�??ng a�Y cA?c c?? quan a�Y giai A�oa??n sa��m (giai A�oa??n phA?n ta��, ta?? bA�o..) nA?n ha?�u ha??t ba��nh nhA?n A�a�?u A�?�a�?c phA?t hia��n a�Y giai A�oa??n mua��n, hia��u qua?? A�ia�?u tra�� khA?ng cao.
GS Khoa cho bia??t via��c phA?t hia��n sa��m ta?? bA�o ung th?� giA?p bA?c sA� cA? nha�?ng ph?�??ng phA?p A�ia�?u tra�� ta��i ?�u A�a�? cha�?a kha�?i hoa?�c kA�o dA�i cua��c sa��ng cho ba��nh nhA?n. T?�??ng ta�� nh?� va?�y, ta��n th?�??ng a�Y cA?c c?? quan khA?c trong c?? tha�? na??u A�?�a�?c phA?t hia��n sa��m sa?? A�?�a�?c A�ia�?u tra�� vA� chA?m sA?c hia��u qua?? h??n.

Trong cA?c ph?�??ng phA?p cha?�n A�oA?n hA�nh a??nh hia��n nay, PET/CT lA� ha�� tha��ng cA? kha?? nA?ng phA?t hia��n sa��m ta?? bA�o ung th?� vA� ta��n th?�??ng trong c?? tha�? a�Y giai A�oa??n ta?? bA�o vA� phA?n ta�� – giai A�oa??n sa��m nha??t. BA?n ca??nh A�A?, PET-CT cA?n cA? kha?? nA?ng phA?n loa??i u lA�nh hay A?c tA�nh, A�A?nh giA? tA�nh tra??ng cA?c c?? quan trong c?? tha�?.

Theo Ph?�??ng ThA?y (Infonet)

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